Socrates seems to be a very simple man, not having many material possessions and speaking in a plain, conversational manner. However, this seeming plainness is all a part of the ironic characteristic of Socrates' method. Professing his own ignorance, he engages in conversation with someone claiming to be an expert, usually in ethical matters. By asking simple questions, Socrates gradually reveals that his interlocutor is in fact very confused and does not actually know anything about the matters about which he claimed to be an expert.
The trial of Socrates for heresy and the corruption of youth gives Plato the opportunity to develop and present his own philosophy of the responsibility of the individual for his actions and their effect on their community as well as his belief in the immortality of the soul. Euthyphro has accused his father of the murder of a servant.
The servant had attacked and killed another servant. The circumstances of this death lead Socrates and Euthyphro to debate the nature of holiness. In The Apology, Plato uses his dialogues to tell the story of the trial of Socrates as he energetically defends himself against the charges of heresy and corruption of youth.
As Socrates tears into his accusers, he logically proves his point each man has responsibility for his own actions.
However he also displays the arrogance that has made him enemies and, as a result, he is convicted and sentenced to death by drinking hemlock. Socrates sentence is delayed so he remains imprisoned in Athens.
He believes he would be going against his nature to escape and then he would actually be causing harm to the Athens that he loves. In the Phaedo, Plato uses Socrates to espouse his belief of the immortality of the soul.
Death should be welcome to the philosopher because it is then that he will attain true wisdon and get rid of the distraction of the body.After an interval of some months or years, an account of the last hours of Socrates is narrated to Echecrates and other interested persons by Phaedo, a beloved disciple of the great teacher.
The narration takes place at Phlius, a town of Sicyon. About The Last Days of Socrates The trial and death of Socrates ( BCE) have almost as central a place in Western consciousness as the trial and death of Jesus.
In four superb dialogues, Plato provides the classic account. Plato was Socrates’ most famous disciple, and the majority of what most people know about Socrates is known about Plato’s Socrates.
Plato was born to one of the wealthiest and politically influential families in Athens in B.C.E., the son of Ariston and Perictione. Plato: Phaedo The Phaedo is one of the most widely read dialogues written by the ancient Greek philosopher Plato. It claims to recount the events and conversations that occurred on the day that Plato’s teacher, Socrates ( B.C.E.), was put to death by the state of Athens.
In Plato’s The Last Days of Socrates, Phaedo gives an account of the last few hours of Socrates’ life, to Echecrates when he encounters him after Socrates’ death. In Phaedo’s telling of the story, we learn about why Philosophy was so important to Socrates, and why he spent his final hours explaining his arguments about the body and the.
Evidently, Plato intended his readers to regard this dialog as an accurate record of the way in which Socrates spent his last hours on earth. It would be of particular interest to note the topics on which he spoke with his intimate friends in the face of his imminent death.