Early history[ edit ] Tobacco was first discovered by the native people of Mesoamerica and South America and later introduced to Europe and the rest of the world. Tobacco had already long been used in the Americas by the time European settlers arrived and took the practice to Europe, where it became popular. Eastern North American tribes have historically carried tobacco in pouches as a readily accepted trade item, as well as smoking it in pipe ceremonieswhether for sacred ceremonies or those to seal a treaty or agreement. As a pain killer it has been used for earache and toothache and occasionally as a poultice.
Its history since the arrival of the Spaniards in evokes images of tremendous sacrifice and suffering amid lush surroundings. Because of its small population and poverty, however, its weight among the nations of the modern world is small.
At the time of the Spanish conquest in the midsParaguay was the second most important of the Spanish dominions in South America after Peru.
But its preeminence as a colony did not last because it produced no gold or silver. In the long run, however, the country's lack of precious ores proved to be a blessing because it allowed Paraguay to escape the horrors of slavery that prevailed in the mines of Peru and Mexico.
The Spanish conquest and settlement proceeded more humanely in Paraguay than elsewhere in Spanish America. The country's basic characteristics were determined during the first few decades of European rule and reinforced under the Republic of Paraguay after independence in The country has a largely egalitarian social structure.
It also has a tradition of authoritarian rule and a concomitant lack of democratic institutions. Finally, Paraguay suffers from a paranoiainducing isolation, originally because of its location in a wilderness populated by hostile Indians, and later because of its location between powerful neighbors--Brazil and Argentina.
Partly because of its remoteness, Paraguay never had a very large European population. The colony's first governor urged Spanish men to take Indian wives to help them take their minds off returning to Spain, solve the problem of the scarcity of European women, and encourage peaceful relations between the tiny, vulnerable, European colony and its numerous Indian neighbors.
Neither Spaniard nor Indian needed any prodding, however, as mixed unions predominated from the start. Francia forced the elite to marry Indian women, confiscated their lands, and broke their power.
At the end of the war, only 28, Spanish males were alive, down fromSpanish women who wanted to marry had no choice but to accept mestizo suitors. Dictatorship is to Paraguay what constitutional democracy is to Scandinavia or Britain: Paraguay, a country where power has usually been centered on one man, has a history of domination by authoritarian personalities.
Nearly years of Spanish rule rendered many Paraguayans poor, uneducated, unaware of the outside world, and lacking in experience with democracy.
Furthermore, the people were nearly always under the threat of attack either from Indians or from raiders from Brazil. Indeed, its three neighbors--Brazil, Argentina, and Bolivia--each went to war with Paraguay at least once since Francia, named "dictator for life" in by a largely uneducated nation grateful for his diplomatic and administrative expertise, set the tone by founding a despotic police state that lasted until his death in mtb15.com has been an NCCRS member since October The mission of mtb15.com is to make education accessible to everyone, everywhere.
Students can save on their education by taking the mtb15.com online, self-paced courses and earn widely transferable college credit recommendations for a fraction of the cost of a traditional course. Paraguay Table of Contents. PARAGUAY WAS ONE of the first countries in South America to achieve independence.
Its history since the arrival of the Spaniards in evokes images of tremendous sacrifice and suffering amid lush surroundings.
Abuse of power, in the form of "malfeasance in office" or "official misconduct," is the commission of an unlawful act, done in an official capacity, which affects the performance of official duties. Malfeasance in office is often grounds for a for cause removal of an elected official by statute or recall election.
Abuse of power can also mean a. An exploration of the nature and history of capitalism.
Global capitalism, colonies and Third-World economic realities. This bar-code number lets you verify that you're getting exactly the right version or edition of a book.
The digit and digit formats both work. Introduction to Sociology. Concerts, sports games, and political rallies can have very large crowds. When you attend one of these events, you may know only the people you came with.