The practice of Counseling Psychology encompasses a broad range of culturally-sensitive practices that help people improve their well-being, alleviate distress and maladjustment, resolve crises, and increase their ability to function better in their lives. Counseling Psychologists serve persons of all ages and cultural backgrounds in both individual and group settings. They also consult regularly with organizations seeking to enhance their effectiveness or the well-being of their members. Interventions used by Counseling Psychologists may be either brief or long-term; they are often problem-specific and goal-directed.
The differences between counseling and clinical psychologists are rooted in the history of each Counseling psychology, which has influenced the focus and emphasis of the training they receive.
Both counseling and clinical psychologists are trained to provide counseling and psychotherapy. In order to understand the traditions and orientation of each specialty, it may be helpful to consider the etymology of each of the descriptive terms. Clinical practice has traditionally referred to care provided at the bedside of an ill patient.
These differences, broadly speaking, reflect the earliest focus of each field. Today, though, the differences between psychologists from each specialty are more nuanced, and there are perhaps more similarities than differences among individual psychologists from each field. The specialties of counseling and clinical psychology evolved concurrently, and at times, their paths of development intertwined.
At the end of the 19th century and the beginning of the 20th, psychologists began to seek ways to apply the findings of psychological science to the problems people experience in the world, in areas such as learning disabilities or mental illness.
These first psychological clinics offered assessment and treatment services. At the same time, as society became increasingly industrialized, the vocational guidance movement began to offer assistance to those seeking careers in which they would be most successful and to provide employers with the most productive employees.
The roles of both groups of psychologists changed significantly in the aftermath of World War II.
Returning veterans frequently suffered from poor mental health, and required assistance to enable them to reintegrate successfully into society. In order to meet this unprecedented demand for mental health services, the Veterans Administration hospital system employed large numbers of both clinical and vocational psychologists, and established training programs for them.
In this way, the specialty formalized the expansion of its focus from solely career issues, to an emphasis on overall well being throughout the life span.
Thus, the approach a counseling psychologist takes may reflect this perspective. Counseling psychologists are employed in a wide range of settings including college and university counseling centers, university research and teaching positions, independent practice, health care settings, hospitals, organizational consulting groups, and many others.
Roger and Gerald Stone Additional Resource.Counseling Psychology is a specialty within professional psychology that maintains a focus on facilitating personal and interpersonal functioning across the life span. The specialty pays particular attention to emotional, social, vocational, educational, health-related, developmental, and organizational concerns.
As Director of Training for the Counseling Psychology PhD Program at Fordham University's Graduate School of Education, and on behalf of our faculty and students, I would like to thank you for your interest in our doctoral program. Counseling psychologists pay attention to how problems and people differ across the lifespan, and they have great respect for the influence of different human traits, such as race, gender, sexual orientation, religion and disability status, on psychological well-being.
Counseling psychology is a general practice and health service provider specialty in professional psychology. It focuses on how people function both personally and in their relationships at all ages. Counseling psychology is a general practice and health service provider specialty in professional psychology that focuses on personal and interpersonal functioning of individuals across the life span.
Counseling psychology is a type of applied psychology that can be used to help people gain control of their feelings. This type of psychology focuses on treating individuals with a variety of different emotional, behavioral, and social problems or disorders.