Etymology[ edit ] The name Konark derives from the combination of the Sanskrit words Kona corner or angle and Arka the sun. Both Puri and Bhubaneswar are major railway hubs connected by Indian Railways' Southeastern services. In Hindu Vedic iconography Surya is represented as rising in the east and traveling rapidly across the sky in a chariot drawn by seven horses. He is described typically as a resplendent standing person holding a lotus flower in both his hands, riding the chariot marshaled by the charioteer Aruna.
Etymology[ edit ] The name Konark derives from the combination of the Sanskrit words Kona corner or angle and Arka the sun. In Hindu Vedic iconography Surya is represented as rising in the east and traveling rapidly across the sky in a chariot drawn by seven horses.
He is described typically as a resplendent standing person holding a lotus flower in both his hands, riding the chariot marshaled by the charioteer Aruna.
The goddesses are shown to be shooting arrows, a symbol of their initiative in challenging darkness. It has 24 elaborately carved stone wheels which are nearly 12 feet 3. According to Kapila Vatsyayanthe ground plan, as well the layout of sculptures and reliefs, follow the square and circle geometry, forms found in Odisha temple design texts such as the Silpasarini.
It was surrounded by subsidiary shrines containing niches depicting Hindu deities, particularly Surya in many of his aspects. The deul was built on a high terrace.
The attached platform was called the pida deul, which consisted of a square mandapa with a pyramidal roof. The design manual for this style is found in the Silpa Sastra of ancient Odisha. The temple is designed as a chariot consisting of 24 such wheels.
The surviving structure has three tiers of six pidas each. These diminish incrementally and repeat the lower patterns. The pidas are divided into terraces. On each of these terraces stand statues of musician figures. The main temple and the jagamohana differed in size, decorative themes, and Essay about konark temple.
The sanctum of the main temple is now without a roof and most of the original parts. It stands on a high, intricately carved platform. The relief on the platform is similar in style to that found on the surviving walls of the temple.
Laterite was used for the core of the platform and staircases near the foundation.
Khondalite was used for other parts of the temple. According to Mitra, the Khondalite stone weathers faster over time, and this may have contributed to erosion and accelerated the damage when parts of the temples were destroyed. The main vimana fell in Among the structures that have survived to the current day are the dance hall Nata mandira and the dining hall Bhoga mandapa.
The terraces contain stone statues of male and female musicians holding various musical instruments. The carvings include purely decorative geometric patterns and plant motifs.
For example, girls are shown wringing their wet hair, standing by a tree, looking from a window, playing with pets, putting on makeup while looking into a mirror, playing musical instruments such as the vina, chasing away a monkey who is trying to snatch items, a family taking leave of their elderly grandmother who seems dressed for a pilgrimage, a mother blessing her son, a teacher with students, a yogi during a standing asana, a warrior being greeted with a namastea mother with her child, an old woman with a walking stick and a bowl in her hands, comical characters, among others.
Notorious in the colonial era for their uninhibited celebration of sexuality, these images are included with other aspects of human life as well as deities that are typically associated with tantra. This led some to propose that the erotic sculptures are linked to the vama marga left hand tantra tradition.
These include life-size lions subduing elephants, elephants subduing demons, and horses. A major pillar dedicated to Aruna, called the Aruna Stambha, used to stand in front of the eastern stairs of the porch.
This, too, was intricately carved with horizontal friezes and motifs. It now stands in front of the Jagannatha temple at Puri.
These include images of musicians and mythological narratives as well as sculptures of Hindu deities, including Durga in her Mahishasuramardini aspect killing the shape-shifting buffalo demon ShaktismVishnu in his Jagannatha form Vaishnavismand Shiva as a largely damaged linga Shaivism.
Some of the better-preserved friezes and sculptures were removed and relocated to museums in Europe and major cities of India before For example, the medallions of the chariot wheels of the Surya temple, as well as the anuratha artwork of the jagamohana, show Vishnu, Shiva, Gajalakshmi, Parvati, Krishna, Narasimha, and other gods and goddesses.
It is oriented towards the east so that the first rays of the sunrise strike the main entrance. Some of these include: It was discovered during excavations carried out between and However, later studies suggested that it was also a Surya temple, albeit an older one that was fused into the complex when the monumental temple was built.
The sanctum of this Surya temple features a Nataraja. Other deities in the interior include a damaged Surya holding a lotus, along with Agni, Varuna, Vishnu, and Vayu.
This discovery was significant because it confirmed that the Konark Sun Temple complex revered all the major Hindu traditions, and was not an exclusive worship place for the saura cult as previously believed.
This is a small temple with sculptures of BalaramaVarahaand Vamana — Trivikrama in its sanctum, marking it as a Vaishnavite temple.An essay can have many purposes, but the basic structure is the same no matter what.
When writing an essay to it may be to argue for a particular point of view or to explain the steps necessary to complete a task. Mar 19, · 'Konark Sun Temple' is a 13th century Sun Temple at Konark, in Orissa. It is also known as the 'Black Pagoda'.
The name Konark is derived from the Sanskrit word Kona (meaning corner) and word Arka (means sun) in reference to the temple which was dedicated to the Sun god mtb15.com: All Essay. Dec 11, · Essay | निबन्ध is a Channel developed especially for online free essays, articles, speeches, debates, biographies, stories & poems in Hindi and English languages.
Konark Sun Temple History In Hindi With All information About Konark Surya Mandir In Hindi And Facts About Konark Temple, कोणार्क सूर्य मंदिर का इतिहास. Mar 19, · 'Konark Sun Temple' is a 13th century Sun Temple at Konark, in Orissa.
It is also known as the 'Black Pagoda'. The name Konark is derived from the Sanskrit word Kona (meaning corner) and word Arka (means sun) in reference to the temple which Author: All Essay.
The Konark Temple is the most exciting tourist attraction in Orissa. The term ‘Konark’ has been derived from ‘Kona’ and ‘Arka’ that mean ‘corner’ and ‘sun.’ The Konark Temple was built by King Narsingha Deva in AD .