Sweatshops There is no single definition of what a sweatshop is. The US Department of Labor defines a sweatshop as a factory that violates two or more labor laws, such as those pertaining to wages and benefits, child labor or working hours.
When workers demanded additional rights and benefits in these countries, the Nike factories closed and moved to a different location that would enable them to continue operating at a low cost. They originally denied claims against them. We had people there every day looking at quality.
Clearly, we had leverage and responsibility with certain parts of the business, so why not others? Many anti-sweatshop groups were student-led, such as the United Students Against Sweatshops.
While Keady was conducting his research about Nike at St. Keady publicly refused to support Nike and was forced to resign his position as soccer coach in Throughout the s, Nike experienced rapid growth after they moved their primary branches of production overseas.
The employees were commonly the poor inhabitants of the area surrounding the factory looking for any sort of income. The heads of the factories were Nike contractors who often lived in United States or Europe and did not have any sort of relations with their employees.
The duty of supervision was given to an upper-level factory worker.
The authority of the supervisor included enforcing rules the workers must follow and making sure that they were performing to optimal standards. The laws protecting the workers are ignored in favor of cutting costs and lowering health standards.
This is possibly because political leaders are paid off by factory supervisors in order to limit governmental interference. The leaders relayed messages to military and police units to overlook the conditions in factories so that the illegal environment could remain open and functioning.
They also were warned to watch for signs of labor activism near the factories to prevent workers from aligning with one another for better conditions. They are severely limited in the amount of time they can take off and are forced to work overtime on several occasions during the week.
Advocacy efforts[ edit ] The goals of transnational advocacy groups working on behalf of Nike factory workers are to allow workers to obtain higher wages, improve the working conditions of the factories, enable them to organization, and gain the respect of their employers.
Countries such as the NetherlandsGermanyFranceand Belgiumwhere no Nike factories exist, have branches of organizations that work to better factory conditions. In countries like IndonesiaThailandMexicoand Cambodiawhere factories are common, non-governmental organizations push anti-Nike efforts by informing the public through the media of the work environment within the plants.
Advocacy groups function through donations, fundraising, and in some cases governmental funding. There has been a rapid increase in the use of the Internet as a means of distributing information between advocacy groups. The spread of news across national boundaries allows the groups to mobilize and unify campaigns.
When laws in Indonesia were lifted in the late s, factory workers and non-governmental organizations staged many strikes at Nike factories protesting the poor working conditions. These allies provided aide for the workers who were not paid while on strike. Counter-criticism[ edit ] William Stepp, of the libertarian Mises Instituteargued that minimum wage is arbitrary and causes unemployment.
Stepp continues further, stating that the workers were not exploited and clearly received benefits from working at the factories "by showing up for work every day, and by accepting a paycheck based on mutually-agreed-upon terms. However, Stepp did criticize Nike for its association with the World Bankwhich says is the real exploiter of third world countries.
Further, they felt that the factory offered a more stable career and higher income than farmwork. People flock to areas where they know a factory is going to be built in order to earn a wage, even if it is small. Human migration to factories is common among workers in order to be close to the factory.
Migrant workers frequently send their wages back to their families in their home country, which further spreads the money brought about by the factories.
Since most of the economies of the small, poor countries were centered around their market systemthe introduction of large factories owned by a wealthy corporation greatly increased their flow of money. Safety, Health, Attitude, People, and Environment.
InNike introduced a program to replace its petroleum-based solvents with less dangerous water-based solvents. Nike created a non-governmental organization called the Global Alliance for Workers and Communities that became aligned with several other groups including the International Youth Foundation.
The organization releases reports about the corporation and its plans to improve current conditions. The Global Alliance received backlash in when a report about the Nike Inc. When a factory receives a grade of D, Nike threatens to stop producing in that factory unless the conditions are rapidly improved.
Nike had plans to expand their monitoring process to include environmental and health issues beginning in After studying the results of the audits, this system has been found to be not as effective as authorities expected.Sweatshops are factories where workers work long hours under poor conditions, and for very low wages.
Sweatshops produce many different goods including toys, shoes and furniture. Most of the world's clothing is manufactured in sweatshops - including many designer brands. To ensure garment workers receive a fair living wage, decent working conditions and that women workers receive the same treatment as men To increase awareness among workers, particularly women, of their labour rights To strengthen the collective voice of workers by increasing the number of unions.
A lot of toys are made in sweatshops and by child labor. Especially toys made in countries like China, Malaysia, Thailand or Vietnam. The average North American toy maker earns $11 an hour. Sweatshop (or sweat factory) is a pejorative term for a workplace that has very poor, socially unacceptable working conditions.
The work may be difficult, dangerous, climatically challenged or underpaid. Workers in sweatshops may work long hours with low pay, regardless of laws mandating overtime pay or a minimum wage; child labor . Sweatshops Global economics operate at an extremely expedient pace.
Producing goods and services efficiently and quickly is the focus of thousands of corporations. One report highlighted the working conditions and wage rates for individuals in the Nike shoe factories located in Vietnam. It stated that the average hourly rate was a mere $ For a full eight-hour workday they are unable to cover meal expenses, which total (Nguyen).