One reason is an understandable reluctance among secondary school teachers to think of themselves as reading or writing teachers. Secondary school teachers rightfully consider themselves first and foremost teachers of such content areas as science, history, and mathematics. When we ask them to integrate reading and writing in their instruction, it sounds as if we are asking them to teach additional content.
Floate In recent years, an abundance of research has reiterated how important it is to teach reading across the curriculum, particularly at the middle and high school levels. With the adoption of the Common Core State Standards curriculum, schools across the United States will begin restructuring the way their curricula emphasizes reading, writing, and speaking.
These standards are based on research, and the hope is to raise the level of rigor at all levels to prepare our young people to be college—and career-ready when they leave high school James R. Schools must be able to prepare all students by making sure that they have the basic skills required before entering the workforce.
One particular skill is the ability to read quantitative and technical reports and data with proficiency. Students not only need to be able to read poems, fiction books, and short stories, but they also need to be taught to read and write technically.
Elective classes such as Health, Economics, Accounting, and Physical Science are great avenues for schools to increase reading rigor across the curriculum.
In many cases, non—language arts teachers are afraid to place too much emphasis on reading because of their own discomfort with teaching that skill.
However, just a few simple adaptions to the daily lesson plans can be a tremendous help. Below are just a few: Pre-Assigned Reading—Textbooks are a great source of nonfiction technical writing. On a regular basis, assign students particular sections and ask them to write a summary of what they read in their own words.
The next day, have a discussion about the assigned reading and allow students to share their work. Allow students to pair up, share their work, and possibly have a short discussion. Research Essays—Allow students time in class and at home to research topics covered in the curriculum, and require them to write a short research paper on the subject.
Requiring students to research topics gives them the opportunity to think globally and creatively. It also gives them valuable experience using different forms of media Internet, search engines, libraries, etc. The ability to understand, summarize, and think critically are all important aspects of communication in the 21st century.
Allowing students the freedom to practice these skills will give them a leg up in life. Class Presentations—In the 21st century, workers must be able to read fluently at a high level. They must also be able to analyze, synthesize, and evaluate different forms of material.
Workers in the 21st century must be skilled in the art of communication; presentations are a great way to combine reading, writing, speaking, research, and technology into the lesson. However, daily reading and writing is essential. Sometimes it might be helpful just to have students write a short synopsis at their desks about a particular part of the lesson.
They could also create an outline or brainstorm on paper about a given topic. These are just a few ways teachers can incorporate reading and writing in their lessons. If we are going to adequately prepare our students for the future and keep up with this fast-paced, global economy, schools must place more emphasis on reading and writing and less emphasis on standardized testing.
Introduction, English language arts standards. Jobs and the skills gap.READING AND WRITING TOGETHER. Writing is not a skill that students learn separate from other processes.
It combines many complex activities, including categorizing, building key terms and concepts for a subject, measuring one's reaction to a subject, making new connections, abstracting, figuring out significance, and developing arguments—to name a few.
Units of Study in Phonics. The Units of Study in Phonics are up and running across the country! Teachers report that students are loving the new units: they're loving the songs and the movements, the partnerships and the Rug Clubs, and all tools and manipulatives they get to use.
ing and writing across the curriculum, so any serious effort to establish this kind of teaching will require significant investment in the professional development of teachers. Inside English across the curriculum. Art and architecture.
Explore art while learning the language of art. These resources help students to describe art and express their opinions on it while simultaneously learning more about art history. As daunting as writing across the curriculum may sound to some teachers, there are a lot of positive things about incorporating writing into your lesson plans!
Reading and Writing Across the Curriculum. The Importance of High School Electives. Jerry W. Floate. In recent years, an abundance of research has reiterated how important it is to teach reading across the curriculum, particularly at the middle and high school levels.